This type of food is also often served with french fries (called batatas fritas), some international chains started appearing specialized in some of the typical Portuguese fast food such as Nando's. Other smaller sub shops include Blimpie, Jersey Mike's Subs, Mr. Goodcents, Jimmy John's, and Firehouse. [citation needed] Prior to the rise of the fast food chain restaurant, people generally had a choice between diners where the quality of the food was often questionable and service lacking, or high-end restaurants that were expensive and impractical for families with children. [82] Kelly Brownwell of The Atlantic Times has further supported this argument that another dangerous practice was adopted by Burger King and McDonald's for marketing to the innocent children. [25], Many companies also adapt to their different local areas to support the needs of the customers. 228–229. Ce dernier a aussi participé à la création du film : il en est le coscénariste et le producteur délégué. In addition to the international chains, in local cuisine people in Pakistan like to have biryani, bun kebabs, Nihari, kebab rolls etc. Although a vast variety of food can be "cooked fast", "fast food" is a commercial term limited to food sold in a restaurant or store with frozen, preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away. Fast Food Nation. Con la llegada de los populares drive-through en los años 1940 en Estados Unidos, periodo en el que se hace muy popular servir comidas sin necesidad de salir de un coche, el concepto "fast food" se instala en la vida de Occidente. Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920s and 1930s. A fast food restaurant, also known as a quick service restaurant (QSR) within the industry, is a specific type of restaurant that serves fast food cuisine and has minimal table service. Richard McDonald (ici en 1991), fondateur de l'enseigne avec son frère Maurice. Schlosser, Eric. Thus, the restaurant was strategically implemented so that its offerings would align with the distinct and established eating habits, also known as the customs around food, eating and cooking, of Muscovites. Travelers such as pilgrims en route to a holy site, were among the customers. Fast-food (AFI : [ˈfæst ˈfʊd]; traduzido do inglês, significa "comida rápida") ou, em Portugal, também comida pronta, é o nome genérico dado ao consumo de refeições produzidas em massa que podem ser preparadas e servidas em um intervalo pequeno de tempo. Subway is known for their sub sandwiches and are the largest restaurant chain to serve such food items. Beaucoup d’additifs sont présents dans les aliments. dosłownie „szybka żywność”) – rodzaj pożywienia szybko przygotowywanego i serwowanego na poczekaniu, na ogół taniego. New York City: Penguin, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 07:34. In the latter case, a contract is made between the franchisee and the parent company, typically requiring the franchisee to pay an initial, fixed fee in addition to a continual percentage of monthly sales. Momo, Haldiram's, Faaso's and Café Coffee Day. 1 January 1, 2004 pp. [20] By 1910, there were more than 25,000 fish and chip shops across the UK, and in the 1920s there were more than 35,000 shops. April 10, 2013. . [39], In contrast to the rest of the world, American citizens spend a much smaller amount of their income on food — largely due to various government subsidies that make fast food cheap and easily accessible. According to US research, low-income and predominantly African-American neighborhoods have greater exposure to fast food outlets than higher income and predominantly white areas. Unlike richer town dwellers, many often could not afford housing with kitchen facilities and thus relied on fast food. [84], There have been books and films, such as the 2004 film Super Size Me, designed to highlight the potential negative health effects from the overconsumption of fast food such as its contribution to obesity. Also suggesting the lawyers were poisoned to "get fat" off McDonald's. Burger King has more than 11,100 restaurants in more than 65 countries. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, and ice cream, although many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. Popular methods of advertising include television, product placement in toys, games, educational materials, songs, and movies, character licensing and celebrity endorsements, and websites. [citation needed], The Council of Better Business Bureaus started the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative in 2006 which asked fast food companies to pledge to "advertise only more healthful products to children" with McDonald's and Burger King signing on. Le fast-food halal est historiquement dominé de la tête et des épaules par les kebabs, ces petits points de vente dans lesquels les consommateurs de viande halal achètent les « döner kebabs » (« grillade tournante »), ce sandwich d'origine turque garni de viande de veau, de dinde ou de poulet. Other Canadian fast food chains such as Manchu Wok serve North American style Asian foods; this company is located mainly in Canada and the US, with other outlets on US military bases on other continents. Flatbread and falafel are today ubiquitous in the Middle East. The fastest form of "fast food" consists of pre-cooked meals kept in readiness for a customer's arrival (Boston Market rotisserie chicken, Little Caesars pizza, etc. [56] Wienerwald has spread from Germany into Asia[57] and Africa. The content of fast food pies has varied, with poultry (such as chickens) or wildfowl commonly being used. [citation needed] Franchise operations that are part of restaurant chains have standardized foodstuffs shipped to each restaurant from central locations. [10], The traditional family dinner is increasingly being replaced by the consumption of takeaway fast food. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2018 – Cost & Trends", "The link between fast food and depression has been confirmed", "Susan Cohan Colon Cancer Foundation: Prevention: Eating Well/Diet", "Red meat and colon cancer – Harvard Health", "Pre-pregnancy fried food consumption and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study", "Exporting Diabetes to Asia: The Impact of Western-Style Fast Food", "Definition of Fast Foods | LIVESTRONG.COM", "Nutritional challenges and health implications of takeaway and fast food", "Harry Ramsden's famous original fish and chip shop faces closure after losses", "The Evolution of the Quick Service Restaurant", " Food and Beverage Serving and Related Workers", "Resistant to the recession: low-income adults' maintenance of cooking and away-from-home eating behaviors during times of economic turbulence", "Super-Sizing public costs: How Low Wages at Top Fast-Food Chains Leave Taxpayers Footing the Bill", "Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-wage jobs in the Fast Food Industry", "A New Method to Monitor the Contribution of Fast Food Restaurants to the Diets of US Children", "Federation of Fish Friers – Serving the Fish and Chips Industry – History", "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2015 – Cost & Trends", "Where to Eat? [26] Tactical applies to accounting for hiring of personnel and suppliers as well as financial decisions to adapt to the local customers. [18], In areas with access to coastal or tidal waters, 'fast food' frequently included local shellfish or seafood, such as oysters or, as in London, eels. A l’époque, on parlait déjà de malbouffe, mais la restau As part of his commitment to cleanliness, Kroc often took part in cleaning his own Des Plaines, Illinois outlet by hosing down the garbage cans and scraping gum off the cement. This requires a high degree of food engineering. Amy vient quant … use mass-produced pre-prepared ingredients (bagged buns & condiments, frozen beef patties, prewashed/sliced vegetables, etc.) "Fast Food Song" is a song made famous by British-based band the Fast Food Rockers, although it existed long before they recorded it, as a popular children's playground song. Une telle alimentation peut favoriser l' obésité, le diabète, les maladies cardiovasculaires, certains cancers, des dépressions,, etc. Many other types of home based fast food operations were closed in the 1970s and 1980s after McDonald's became the number one outlet in the market[citation needed]. The company also popularized the notion of "take-out" food, with their slogan "Less work for Mother". [9] Many fast foods tend to be high in saturated fat, sugar, salt and calories. [76] In the United States, local governments are restricting fast food chains by limiting the number of restaurants found in certain geographical areas. Pour se distraire, Buffy essaie en vain de découvrir le fameux ingrédient secret qui fait la réputation des hamburgers de ce fast food. Mariner Books. Fast Food Nation est un film américain réalisé par Richard Linklater et sorti en novembre 2006. In Egypt, Indonesia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Singapore, all menu items are halal. [19] The development of trawler fishing in the mid-nineteenth century led to the development of a British favourite, fish and chips, and the first shop in 1860. The largest McDonald's in the world, with 25,000 feet of play tubes, an arcade and play center, is located in Orlando, Florida, United States[52][clarification needed], There are numerous other fast food restaurants located all over the world. The hamburger restaurant most associated by the public with the term "fast food" was created by two brothers originally from Nashua, New Hampshire. Coffee chain Country Style operates only in Ontario, and competes with the famous coffee and donut chain Tim Hortons. Aujourd’hui, un repas au fast-food est devenu un non-événement, un acte totalement banal, et même quotidien pour certains (faites gaffe quand même, hein, 5 fruits, légumes, tout ça …). When ordering it is very often abbreviated to met (literally "with"). White Castle was successful from its inception and spawned numerous competitors. American chains such as Domino's Pizza, McDonald's, Pizza Hut, and KFC have a big presence in Japan, but local gyudon chains such as Sukiya, Matsuya and Yoshinoya also blanket the country. Parents could have a few minutes of peace while children played or amused themselves with the toys included in their Happy Meal. In Israel some McDonald's restaurants are kosher and respect the Jewish Shabbat; there is also a kosher McDonald's in Argentina. Food habits vary widely across states within India. [60], Fast-food chains have come under criticism over concerns ranging from claimed negative health effects, alleged animal cruelty, cases of worker exploitation, and claims of cultural degradation via shifts in people's eating patterns away from traditional foods. The McDonald's Speedee Service System and, much later, Ray Kroc's McDonald's outlets and Hamburger University all built on principles, systems and practices that White Castle had already established between 1923 and 1932. In the same period of time, McDonald's spent nearly three times as much on advertising as all water, milk, and produce advertisers spent combined. Definition: Fast Food sind zubereitete Speisen, die für den raschen Verzehr produziert werden. The food served in fast food restaurants is typically part of a "meat-sweet diet", offered from a limited menu, cooked in bulk in advance and kept hot, finished and packaged to order, and usually available for take away, though seating may be provided. Sushi has seen rapidly rising popularity recently in the Western world. [37] The guidelines are interested in a healthier lifestyle for children and the growing problem of American obesity. Kebab shops are also found throughout the world, especially Europe, New Zealand and Australia but they generally are less common in the US. The fast food industry in India has evolved with the changing lifestyles of the young Indian population. An example of a local form of fast food in Poland is pasztecik szczeciński, a deep-fried yeast dough stuffed with meat or vegetarian filling, typical fast food dish of the city of Szczecin well known in many other cities in the country.